Trip to Russia. Trip to Mongolia. Trip to China.       EnglishRussian

 Main page   About us   Contact    Terms & Conditions   On-line Payment  Site map


Historical highlights. Tour to Irkutsk. Trip to Russia. Legend tour.



Irkutsk is one of the great Siberian cities and by right considers itself the capital of Eastern Siberia Irkutsk is located at almost the very center of Asia (52'17" North 104'16' East) It is approximately on the same latitude as Orenburg, Saratov Voronezh, Warsaw and Berlin It is 5042 kilometers and 5 time zones from Moscow, and 8 time zones from Greenwich.


Yakob Pakhabov announced mYenseisk ln the present year 169 [ 1661 ], on the sixth day of July, opposite the Irkut River on the Verkholensky side, a new state fort was established with the help of the army The towers are ready and the roof is on State gram storage is being built by the army This place is the best and most fitting for farmland Pastures hay production good fishing everything is near by


Irkutsk fort is given the status of a town


On February 18, Irkutsk receives an emblem and seal from the Siberian Department


In April the merchant Spiridon Lingusov arrives in Irkutsk with goods from China It was a beginning of caravanned trade between Russia and China


A stone administration building is erected in the Irkutsk fortress Semyon llyanovich Remizov's Siberian Plan Book was published, which included map of "The City of Irkutsk"


Irkutsk became the capital of one of the provinces m the newly-founded Siberian Guberniya (Province transl.)


On January 15, the independent diocese of Irkutsk was founded The first bishop was Innokent Kul'chitsky


Irkutsk received the designation of a provincial town The commanders were named vice-governors


Siberia Province was divided into two Tobolskaya and Irkutskaya


The first stone private house in Irkutsk was built


A police department for Irkutsk was founded


On October 19 an order was issued concerning the renaming of Siberia as the Siberian Kingdom and Irkutsk Provmtiya (Province transl.) as Irkutsk Guberniya ("Province")


March 15, the newly-founded Irkutsk Guberniya was opened The first governor was Major-General Karl L'vovich Frayendorf


A decision was made regarding the founding of markets in Irkutsk


Irkutsk merchant Grigoriy Shelikhov sent his first merchant ship "Saint Pavel" to America


In February the first city school was opened in Irkutsk. 130 students entered the school.


Siberia was divided into three vice-gerencies Tobolskoye, Irkutskoye and Kolibanskoye. Irkutsk s first vice-generency was the Lieutenant-General Ivan Varpholomeyevich Yakobi


The first provincial typography was opened


January 1st the city Duma was triumphantly opened


On his way to exile in Ilimsk the author of the disgraced book Travels from
Petersburg to Moscow, Alexander Nikolayevich Radischev arrived in Irkutsk in December He stayed less than two weeks He acquainted himself with Grigory Shehkhov attended the theater and city educational institutions.


By decree, from December 12th, Siberia was divided into two guberniyas Tobolskaya and Irkutskaya, with "additions to each from parts of Kolivanskaya vice-generency, which has been abolished"


A doctor's board was opened


Irkutsk s first pharmacy was opened A jail was built


At the order of Alexander I, from April 22 the north-eastern section of Irkutsk
Guberniya became Irkutsk Oblast and the oblast' government in Nerchinsk was abolished, and the Irkutsk Guberniya was divided into 7 districts, joined with the city Okhotsk


On January 26, under the orders of Alexander I, Siberia was divided into West
and East Siberia both under the administration of a General Governor The first General-Governor of Eastern Siberia was Alexander Stepanovich Labmsky On October 25 the General Soviet of Eastern Siberia was opened in Irkutsk


At the end of the first quarter of the 19th century, in Irkutsk there were 14,411
residents In Siberia, only Tobolsk had more than Irkutsk Irkutsk was first in Siberia in the number of merchants (136) the number of stone houses (56) colleges and city gardens Moreover, Irkutsk had the most churches (15)


In August, exiled Decembrists arrived in Irkutsk


The merchant Mikhail Boldakov opened Irkutsk's first privately-owned public


The construction of a wooden theater began Petrashevtsi [members of a revolutionary movement] were exiled to Irkutsk


On June 6, a request for the founding of the Siberian Department of the Imperial
Russian Geographical Society was approved the first scientific society in Siberia The opening of the department took place on November 17


On May 16, the General-Governor of Eastern Siberia Nikolai Muraviyev signed
the Aigunsky Treaty with China, concerning the annexation of the Amur River banks by Russia


On July 12, a military school was opened in Irkutsk


A public library was opened in Irkutsk


Two Chinese persons from Maimachen opened the first store of Chinese products in Irkutsk
In June, the Polish rebels of 1863 began to arrive, most between the ages of 17 and 25 They were exiled to various points in Siberia
Thanks to the efforts of the Russian Geographical Society in Irkutsk, Poles such as I Chersky B Dibovsky and A Chekanovksy came to Irkutsk where they later became famous researchers
In this same year the society of doctors of Eastern Siberia was founded The primary goals of the society scientific unity of doctors the study of the climate, the nature of life and sickness in Eastern Siberia


In the beginning of the year a telegraph line was strung to Irkutsk On January 1st,
the first telegram was sent to Petersburg The reply was received in 17 hours


The road from Irkutsk to Posolsk was opened The first kindergarten for 4-8 years old children was opened


A laboratory opened for the alloying of gold (the present-day Scientific-Investigatory Institute of Rare and Non ferrous Metals)


A new theater was built on the site of the 1861 theater, which had burned down
However the new theater would burn down in 1890


The first opera in Irkutsk was performed
In April, the foundation for the Kazan Cathedral was laid down


On June 22 and 24 fires in Irkutsk destroyed 2/3 of the city In autumn, horse-carnage service began in the city


Telephones were installed in government, fiscal and social institutions in Irkutsk


The crown prince Nikolai Alexandrovich (the future Nikolai II) arrived in
Irkutsk from Nizhneudmsk who took part in the consecration of a bridge across the Angara


In Irkutsk the construction of a city theater designed by Professor Shreter was


In August, the first train arrived in Irkutsk


An Irkutsk resident, Yakovlev, brought an automobile from France to the city which ran on benzene and was able to travel at 15 versts (10 miles) per hour It could carry 3 people Outside of Zharnikov's pharmacy an asphalt sidewalk was built (the first in Irkutsk)


The first electric lights appeared in Irkutsk


Water piping is laid in downtown Irkutsk


The first transcontinental motor run Peking Pans ran through Irkutsk
Irkutsk s first train station was built


The opening of a monument to Alexandr III was celebrated


By imperial decree the Irkutsk Cadets Corpus (military school) was opened Its director was Major-General Skalon


On December 22, Soviet power was announced in Irkutsk and in the Irkutsk Guberniya


In July, the Siberian Provisional Government took power in Irkutsk
On October 27, the Irkutsk State University opened in the White House (the former residence of the Governor-General) It was made up of two faculties law and history-philosophy More than 500 students enrolled, including 22 priests The first rector of ISU was a former student at the Irkutsk gymnasium, Professor Moisei Rubenshtem


Early in the morning of February 7, on secret orders from Moscow, without trial or witnesses, Admiral Alexander Kolchak and the minister of the Siberian Provisional Government, Pepelyayev, were shot at the confluence of the Ushakovka and Angara rivers Their bodies were thrown in the water under the ice


In January, regular automobile transport began At first, there were two roads for
automobiles 10-person buses made by Ford ran on them Passenger vehicles were located in the Marata suburbs.
In July, the TslK USSR Irkutsk Guberniya was abolished In place of the
guberniya were three okrugs Irkutsky Kirensky and Tulunovsky


The Theater of Working Youths (TWY) appeared in Irkutsk the future
Children s Theater In June, an Irkutsk-Yakutsk air route was opened 2700 versts (1,790 miles) long


The Irkutsk Automobile Factory opened on the location of the former carriage
shop Later, the factory was named for Kuybishev
An aerial postal line from Moscow to Irkutsk opened, the longest air track in the world at that time 4500km (2800 miles)


Irkutsk State University was divided into a medical, pedagogical and financial-economic institutes
The okrug was eliminated and the East Siberian Krai was founded, with its center
in Irkutsk
The Mountain Institute, the predecessor of Irkutsk State Technical University, was opened 1934 A collective farm market was opened


The opening of the Angarsk Bridge was celebrated


The East Siberian Oblast' was divided into the Irkutskaya and Chitmskaya oblasts


As part of the plan for building an oil-refm-ery Angarsk Village - future Angarsk City - was founded


The first asphalt road was laid Rossnskaya (Russian) Road


The first tram ran on the line Central Market Train Station


Beginning of construction on the Irkutsk Aluminum Plant and Shelekhov city
The first helicopter came to the city
The first jet line in the USSR ThefirstTU-104 plane arrived from Moscow


Construction on the first television center began


Irkutsk State Electrical Station (the dam) began continuous operation


Irkutsk was included on the list of protected Russian cities, protecting the historical layout and buildings


A Mongolian consulate opened in Irkutsk It represents Mongolia's interests in Buryatiya Tyva and Irkutskaya Chitinskaya and Kemerovskaya oblasts


The first trolleybus went into operation


Irkutsk reached a population of a half million


A new bridge (over 1 kilometer) opened over the Angara in the Zhilkmo Village region


Irkutsk's city charter was accepted.


Open Alexander III monument

Photo. Tours to Irkutsk and Lake Baikal.

Photo. Tours to Irkutsk and Lake Baikal.

Photo. Tours to Irkutsk and Lake Baikal.

Photo. Tours to Irkutsk and Lake Baikal.

Photo. Tours to Irkutsk and Lake Baikal.

Photo. Tours to Irkutsk and Lake Baikal.

Photo. Tours to Irkutsk and Lake Baikal.

Photo. Tours to Irkutsk and Lake Baikal.




Shot tour in Irkutsk city.

Best tours to Baikal

Krugo-Baikalskaya Railway


Baikal Winter tours



About Irkutsk

Irkutsk history

Sights of interest




About Baikal

Sights of interest


Olkhon islands



Accommodation in Irkutsk

Accommodation in Irkutsk region

Accommodation in Baikalsk

Accommodation in Port Baikal

Accommodation in Listvyanka

Accommodation in Olkhon islands and
 Maloe more (Olkhon region)



Russia in numbers and facts


Religious creeds in Russia

Folk craft

Stereotypes and symbols of Russia


Trip to St. Petersburg 

Trip to Moscow 

Trip to Golden Ring


General information, route, train, schedulers, train tickets


Trip to Yekaterinburg

Trip to Novosibirsk

Trip to Altay

Trip to Krasnoyarsk

Trip to Tuva Republik

Trip to Lake Baikal and Irkutsk

Trip to Buryat Republik


Trip to Khabarovsky Kray

Trip to Vladivostok

Trip to Sakhalin islands

Trip to Kuril islands

Trip to Kamchatka


Accommodation booking

- Hotel

- Hostel

- Home stay

Ticket booking

- Air ticket

- Train ticket

Russia visa support service

Other services

- Guide service

- Transfer