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Burkhan Khaldun. Khentii aimag.

THE REGIONS OF MONGOLIA

KHENTII AIMAG

BURKHAN KHALDUN


Burkhan KhaldUn. The Burkhan Khaldun (Cyrillic: ) is one of the Khentii Mountains in the Khentii Province of northeastern Mongolia. The mountain or its locality is believed to be the birthplace of Genghis Khan as well as his tomb. It is also the birthplace of one of his most successful generals, Subutai.
 

The mountain is part of the 12,000 square kilometres (4,600 sq mi) Khan Khentii Strictly Protected Area established in 1992. It had strong religious significance before Genghis Khan made it a powerful landmark and is considered the most sacred mountain in Mongolia since it was designated as sacred by Genghis Khan. It was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site on 4 July 2015 under the title "Great Burkhan Khaldun Mountain and its surrounding sacred landscape." Under a Presidential Decree of 1995 the worship of this mountain has been formalised and the mountain declared a national monument. Its ecosystem is complex with unique biodiversity with flora of the Central Asian steppe. It has 50 species of fauna and 253 species of birds.
 

Burkhan Khaldun means the "God Mountain" and is also called Khentii Khan (The King of the Khentii Mountain range).  It is one of the Khentii Mountains in the Khentii Province of northeastern Mongolia.[It is the highest mountain of the region, rising to an elevation of 2,362 metres (7,749 ft), and is crescent-shaped. It is the source of several rivers: the Onon and Kherlen rivers flow into the Amur, which has its outfall in the Pacific Ocean; and the rivers Tuul, Kharaa and Yeruu flow northwards to join the Selenge, which empties into the Arctic Ocean. It is in a complex ecosystem with unique biodiversity which is defined as a "transition zone from Siberian permafrost land forms to great steppe".
 

 Presidential Decree of 1955 formalised the worship of the Burkhan Khaldun Mountain as a national monument. Special worship is offered to the mountain according to a prescribed procedure at the main "Ovoo of the Heaven"; it is reserved for a few officials of the state and local administration, shamans and a few Buddhist lamas (monks).
 

Burkhan Khaldun was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site at the 39th session of the World Heritage Committee on 4 July 2015 under the title "Great Burkhan Khaldun Mountain and its surrounding sacred landscape", covering an area of 443,739 hectares (1,096,500 acres) and an additional buffer zone of 271,651 hectares (671,260 acres), categorized under Criterion (iv) for its unique cultural tradition of mountain and nature worship of past several millennium, and (vi) for its universally known historical and literary epic of immense importance.

PAGES OF THE PICTURE ALBUM
Photo. Burkhan Khaldun. Khentii aimag.

Photo. Burkhan Khaldun. Khentii aimag.

Photo. Burkhan Khaldun. Khentii aimag.

Photo. Burkhan Khaldun. Khentii aimag.

Photo. Burkhan Khaldun. Khentii aimag.

Photo. Burkhan Khaldun. Khentii aimag.

Photo. Burkhan Khaldun. Khentii aimag.

Photo. Burkhan Khaldun. Khentii aimag.

 

 
Chinggis City

- Khentii aimag.

- Khentii aimag map.
 

- Chinggis City. Aimag center.
 

- Burkhan Khaldun Mountain
 

- Kherlen River (Kerulen gol).

- Khuduu Aral and Surrounding Cultural Landscape.
 

- Onon River.

- Onon Hot Water Mineral Springs.
 

- Dadal soum - Chinggis Khaan birthplace.

- Ruins of the Uglugchiin Kherem fortress.
 

- Khentii aimag. Pages of the pictures album.

 
 

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